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Black Moor Goldfish

Black Moor Goldfish

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Black Moor goldfish are distinct with their coal-black color, protruding eyes, and graceful fins. They can thrive in large tanks or garden ponds, even spawning if given proper care and a good diet. While often recommended for beginners, they require attention due to their delicate nature. Here's a guide on caring for these unique fish:

Origins: Black Moor goldfish, originating from China, have a rich history dating back to the Tang Dynasty. They were selectively bred for their unique features, resulting in the characteristic protruding eyes and dark, velvety scales.


  • Black Moors have round bodies, long fins, and large, protruding eyes.
  • They can grow up to 7-8 inches in length.
  • Initially bronze as juveniles, they turn deep black as they mature.

Tank Setup:

  • A tank of at least 20 gallons is recommended for proper growth.
  • Choose a rectangular tank with open swimming space, as Black Moors are poor swimmers.
  • Avoid goldfish bowls, providing 1 gallon of water per 1 inch of fish.
  • Water parameters: 65-72°F, 5-19 dGH hardness, pH 6.0-8.0.

Care Tips:

  • Use a powerful filtration system as goldfish produce a lot of waste.
  • Perform a 30% water change weekly and maintain clean tank conditions.
  • Decorate with smooth items, considering the fish's poor eyesight.
  • Include hardy plants like Marimo Moss Balls, Java Fern, or Anubias.
  • Provide suitable lighting to mimic day/night cycles.


  • Offer a balanced diet with fish flakes, pellets, and meaty protein like brine shrimp.
  • Prevent constipation by including fresh veggies in their diet.

Tank Mates:

  • Keep Black Moors with other Fancy goldfish varieties.
  • Avoid fin-nipping species and tiny fish that could be eaten.

Health Concerns:

  • Black Moors are susceptible to eye injuries and cloudy eye.
  • Swim Bladder Disease can affect their buoyancy.
  • White Spot Disease (Ich) may occur but can be treated promptly.
  • Bacterial infections and flukes can be managed with fish medications.


  • Set up a spawning tank with rocks or spawning mops.
  • Gradually increase the tank temperature for breeding conditions.
  • Black Moors deposit up to 10,000 eggs; remove parent fish after fertilization.
  • Feed fry specialized food until they can eat crushed flakes and baby Artemis.