Lake Tanganyika is home to some of the most rare and unique types of cichlids found around the world, and includes some of the most expensive freshwater fish.
While Lake Malawi has the distinction for having some of the most colourful cichlids in the world, Lake Tanganyika has a much greater diversity of cichlid species. African cichlids from Lake Tanganyika demonstrate a high variance in body shape and fascinating behaviours. The extreme diversity of these cichlids vastly exceeds what is normally found in other families of fishes.
These characteristics have made fish from Lake Tanganyikan, some of the most popular fish for enthusiasts seeking uniqueness in the cichlid world. They are also quite active, display complex behaviours, and with the right environment many can be successfully bred in captivity. Popular Tanganyika cichlids include Tropheus Cichlids, Frontosa, Goby Cichlids, Sardine Cichlids, shell-dwellers, featherfins, petricola, sand-sifters and more. They are enjoyed not only for their beauty, but for incredible body form and demeanour, offering aquarists a most unique and delightful experience.
Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake. It is the second-oldest freshwater lake in the world, the second-largest by volume, and the second-deepest, in all cases after Lake Baikal in Siberia. It is the world's longest freshwater lake.
With a maximum length of 673 km and a maximum width of 72 km, Lake Tanganyika covers a surface of 32,893 sq. km. The lake is shared among four countries namely Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Zambia, with RDC holding 45 % and Tanzania 41 %.